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        Reporting and performance data

        This section summarises our Responsibility and Sustainability approach, the GRI index, the social and environmental performance data and the EY assurance report.

        Airbus approach to Responsibility and Sustainability

        Environmental and social performance

        At Airbus, corporate social responsibility (CSR) refers to how we are aligning the Company with the needs and expectations of society. Airbus aims to balance its strategy for growth with fulfilling duties to all stakeholders and addressing material sustainability issues. Underlying this is a drive to deliver the best technology to serve mobility and security.

        Stakeholders

        Airbus’ businesses are characterised by long product lifecycles and corresponding returns on investments, considerable costs and risks in programme development, and cyclical civilian markets. The principal stakeholders are shareholders, customers, regulators, policymakers, employees, suppliers, NGOs, as well as society at large..

        Materiality

        Airbus focuses on material issues that have significant operational and strategic impacts, potentially affecting Airbus’ risks and performance. Airbus is taking into account stakeholders’ and analysts’ questions about the materiality of CSR issues.

        Data and Performance

        A signatory to the United Nations Global Compact since 2003, Airbus is committed to the UN Global Compact principles and has reached the “Advanced Level”. Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) reporting is embedded across Airbus, measuring performance and progress. Environmental and social data have been externally audited since 2010. Below is a selection of externally reviewed?environmental and social performance indicators.

        About the report:

        The report is an exercise conducted on a yearly basis. It is measured by financial year, it was prepared in reference to the GRI Standards.

        This material references the following Standards:

        GRI 102: general disclosures 2016, GRI 103:? management approach 2016, GRI 205: anti-corruption 2016, GRI 302: energy 2016, GRI 303: water 2016, GRI 305: emissions 2016, GRI?306: effluents and waste 2016, GRI?401: employment 2016, GRI?404: training and education 2016, GRI 407: freedom of association and collective bargaining 2016, GRI 412: human rights assessment 2016, GRI 414: supplier social assessment 2016, GRI 417: marketing and labelling 2016. Please refer to the Content Index for each disclosure used. The previous report was published in April 29th 2019.

        Ernst & Young has reviewed a selection of Airbus' environmental and social performance indicators, which can be found here: EY’Assurance Report

        For any questions regarding the report, please email: cr_sustainability@airbus.com

        Guidelines and related actions

        GRI Index and Global Compact correspondence

        The following Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) index indicates to what extent we take the GRI indicators into account. At the same time, it shows where in the website the indicators are dealt with. For some indicators, we also refer to the Annual Report (information document) of Airbus.

        This table follows the GRI Standards Guidelines, meeting the ‘core’ in accordance option. All following aspects are material for Airbus and for its stakeholders.

        The following tables present the Airbus responsibility and sustainability aspects according to GRI principles.

        GRI Content Index

        GRI Standard
        Disclosure
        Related content
        Reference document External References: SDGs, UN Global Compact 
        GRI 102: General Disclosures 2016
        Organizational Profile 
        GRI 102-1
        Name of the organization Airbus    
        GRI 102-2 Activities, brands, products, and services  Get to know Airbus    
        Discover Airbus' activities and products Information Document 2018, page 24 to 46   
        Explore Airbus Commercial's activities and products    
        Explore Airbus Helicopters' activities and products    
        Explore Airbus Defence's activities and products    
        Explore Airbus Space's activities and products    
        GRI 102-3 Location of headquarters

        Discover Airbus' headquarters in Toulouse

           
        Find more about Airbus' legal site  Information Document 2018, page 94  
        GRI 102-4 Location of operations Explore Airbus' global presence    
        Explore Airbus Commercial's operations locations Information Document 2018, pages 35 and 36   
        Explore Airbus Helicopters' operations locations and in Informatin Document 2018  Information Document 2018, page 39  
        Explore Airbus Defence & Space operations' locations Information Document 2018, page 45  
        GRI 102-5 Ownership and legal form 

        See Airbus' legal form in Information Document 2018

        Information Document 2018, page 94  
        Find more about Airbus' shareholding structure, in Information Document 2018  Information Document 2018, page 104  
        GRI 102-6 Markets served

        Discover Airbus' markets

           
        Airbus' order book by region    
        Find out more about Airbus' markets in Information Document 2018 Information Document 2018, page 28 to 45  
        GRI 102-7 Scale of the organization

        Discover the organisation of Airbus’ businesses in Information Document 2018

        Information Document 2018, page 28 to 45  
        Explore Airbus' products and services sold and delivered in Information Document 2018 Information Document 2018, page 26 to 29
        See Airbus' number of employees in Information Document 2018  Information Document 2018, pages 57 and 58
        See Airbus' operating and financial review in Information Document 2018  Information Document 2018, page 71 to 90
        See Airbus' social performance data  
        Explore Commercial's orders & deliveries   
        Find the financial results & annual reports  
        GRI 102-8 Information on employees and other workers See Airbus' number of employees in Financial Statements 2018  Financial Statements 2018, page 53 

        SDG8

        UN GC Principle 6

        Find out more about Airbus' workforce  in Information Document 2018 Information Document 2018, pages 57 and 58  
        See the social performance data    
        GRI 102-9 Supply chain

        Learn more about procurement at Airbus in Information Document 2018

        Information Document 2018, page 64 to 67  
        and about the interdependence on the supply chain  in Information Document 2018  Information Document 2018, page 13 to 36
        Find out more about our suppliers  
        GRI 102-10 Significant changes to the organization and its supply chain

        See financial changes in Financial Statements

        Financial Statements 2018, page 81 to 84  
        Learn about changes in the legal form, in Information Document 2018 Information Document 2018, page 2
        Explore the digital transformation, in Information Document 2018 Information Document 2018, page 16
        See the changes in issued share capital,  in Information Document 2018 Information Document 2018, pages 102 and 103
        See changes in shareholding, in Information Document 2018 Information Document 2018, pages 108 and 109
        Find out significant changes, in Information Document 2018 Information Document 2018, page 161
        GRI 102-11 Precautionary Principle Approach

        Discover the Environmental Management at Airbus, in Information Document 2018

         Information Document 2018, page 52 to 54 UN GC Principle 7
        Explore the Entreprise Risk Management, also in Information Document 2018  Information Document 2018, pages 49 and 50  
        Explore the supply chain risk management and the Vigilance plan, in Information Document 2018 Information Document 2018, page 65 to 67  
        Find out more about the Vigilance Plan, in Information Document 2018 Information Document 2018, pages 49 and 50  
        GRI 102-12 External initiatives

        See subscription to external initiatives

           
        UN Women Empowerment Principles signed by Guillaume Faury  
        UN Women Empowerment Principles signed by CEO AD Dirk Hoke  
        Charte Entreprise et Quartiers  
        UN LGBTI Standards of Conduct   
        Diversity and inclusion agreement UK    
        UN Global Compact -  Communication on Progress (COP)   
        GRI 102-13 Membership of associations
        We are working to provide further information on this point   SDG17
        Strategy
        GRI 102-14 Statement from senior decision-maker
        CEO's statement about Responsibility & Sustainability     
        Ethics and Integrity
        GRI 102-16 Values, principles, standards, and norms of behavior

        Discover Airbus' Values definition, in Information Document 2018

         Information Document 2018, pages 58 and 59

        SDG16

        UN GC Principle 10

        Find out more on Airbus' Principles, in Information Document 2018   Information Document 2018, pages 63 and 64
        See Information Document 2018  
        See our Responsibility & Sustainability Charter  
        See Airbus' Code of Conduct  
        See Airbus' Supplier Code of Conduct  
        Governance
        GRI 102-18 Governance structure

        Explore Airbus' corporate governance, in Information Document 2018

        Information Document 2018, page 116 to 134  
        Discover how we are managed at Airbus  
        Stakeholder Engagement
        GRI 102-40 List of stakeholder groups
        Discover our stakeholders, in Information Document 2018 Information Document 2018, page 48  
        GRI 102-41 Collective bargaining agreements Discover the approach for Labour Relations' management, in Information Document 2018  Information Document 2018, pages 58 and 59 UN GC Principle 3
        GRI 102-42
        Identifying and selecting stakeholders Find out more about our stakeholders , in Information Document  Information Document 2018, page 48  
        GRI 102-43
        Approach to stakeholder engagement
         
        GRI 102-44
        Key topics and concerns raised

        Learn about the Material topics for Airbus, in Information Document 2018

        Information Document 2018, pages 48 and 49  
        See our Materiality Matrix  
        Reporting Practice
        GRI 102-45
        Entities included in the consolidated financial statements
        Find more about the consolidated entities, in Financial Statements 2018 Financial Statements 2018, pages 25 and 26  
        GRI 102-46
        Defining report content and topic Boundaries
        Discover the material topics for Airbus, in Information Document 2018  Information Document 2018, pages 48 and 49  
         

        GRI Content Index II - Material Topics

        GRI Standard
        Disclosure
        Related content
        Reference document External References: SDGs, UN Global Compact 
        MATERIAL TOPICS
         1: Responsible Manufacturer: 1.a: Product Safety; 1.b: Research & Technology; 1.c: Environmental Matters; 1.d: d. Responsible Defence and Space Products
        1.a: Product Safety
        GRI 103-1
        Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary 

        See the Non-Financial information chapter on Product Safety of the Information Document 2018

        Information Document 2018, page 51 SDG 8, SDG9, SDG12
        See the Responsibility & Sustainability Charter  
        See Airbus' Standards of Business Conduct  
        Learn about Safety First at Airbus   
        GRI 103-2
        The management approach and its components Find more about Safety and Helicopters  
        GRI 103-3
        Evaluation of the management approach See "A statistical analysis of commercial aviation accidents 1958-2017"  
        GRI 417
        Marketing and labeling

        Find out more about Environmental concerns in the Information Document 2018

        Information Document 2018, page 54 SDG12, SDG16
        Discover Safety at Airbus  
        Explore Airbus' support & services  
        See the training services and the care services for Helicopters  
        Find out about the customer support services for Airbus Defence  
        1.b: Research & Technology
        GRI 103-1
        Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary 

        See the Non-Financial information chapter about Research & Technology of the Information Document 

        Discover our approach for Innovation

        Information Document 2018, page 51 to 53 SDG 8, SDG9, SDG 12, SDG 13, SDG 16, SDG17
        UN GC Principle 9
        GRI 103-2
        The management approach and its components
        GRI 103-3
        Evaluation of the management approach
        1.c: Environment
        GRI 103-1 Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary 

        See the chapter on Environment of the Non-Financial information section of the Information Document 2018

        Information Document 2018, page 52 to 56

        SDG8, SDG 9, SDG 12, SDG 13, SDG 17

        UN GC Principles 7, 8 and 9

        See the Responsibility & Sustainability Charter  
        See Airbus' Standards of Business Conduct  
        GRI 103-2 The management approach and its components See Airbus' Supplier Code of Conduct  
        GRI 103-3 Evaluation of the management approach Discover our approach for Environment  
        GRI 302-1 Energy consumption within the Organization

        See the environmental performance data here

         

        SDG8, SDG 12, SDG13

        UN GC Principles 7 and 8

        Discover the approach to minimize our environmental impact
        See CDP website for the score to the climate change questionnaire - see coming soon
        GRI 302-4
        Reduction of energy consumption

        Find out more about the environmental impact on Airbus' operations and about environment

         

        SDG 12, SDG13

        UN GC Principles 8 and 9

        See the environmental performance data
        Discover the approach to minimize our environmental impact
        GRI 302-5
        Reduction in energy requirements of products and services

        See the information of the Information Document 2018

         

        SDG8, SDG 12, SDG13

        UN GC Principles 8 and 9

        Discover the approach to minimize our environmental impact
        GRI 303-1
        Water withdrawal by source

        See the chapter on environment of the Information Document 2018

        Information Document 2018, page 52 to 57

        SDG 12, SDG13

        UN GC Principles 7 and 8 

        Discover the approach to minimize our environmental impact  
        See the environmental performance data  
        GRI 305-1
        Direct (Scope 1) GHG emissions

        Find the environmental performance data here

         

        SDG 9

        UN GC Principles 7 and 8 

        CDP questionnaire (Climate change)    
        Discover the approach to minimize our environmental impact  
        GRI 305-2
        Energy indirect (Scope 2) GHG emissions 

        Find the environmental performance data here

         

        SDG 9

        UN GC Principles 7 and 8 

        CDP questionnaire (Climate change)    
        Discover the approach to minimize our environmental impact  
        GRI 305-4
        GHG emissions intensity
        See chapter on Environment of the Information Document 2018  Information Document 2018, page 54

        SDG 9

        UN GC Principle 8 

        GRI 305-5
        Reduction of GHG emissions 

        See the chapter on Environment of the Information Document 2018 

         

        Information Document 2018, page 52 to 57 

        SDG13

        UN GC Principles 8 and 9 

        Discover the approach to minimize our environmental impact  
        GRI 305-7
        Nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulphur oxides (SOx), and other significant air emissions

        See the chapter on Environment of the Information Document 2018 

        Information Document 2018, page 52 to 56

        SDG13

        UN GC Principles 7 and 8

        Discover the approach to minimize our environmental impact  
        GRI 306-1
        Water discharge by quality and destination
        Find the environmental performance data here
         

        SDG13

        UN GC Principle 8

        GRI 306-2
        Waste by type and disposal method 

        See the chapter on Environment of the Information Document

        Information Document 2018, page 52 to 56

        SDG 12, SDG13

        UNGC Principle 8

        Find the environmental performance data here  
        1.d: Responsible Defence and Space Products
        GRI 103-1
        Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary 

        See the chapter on Responsible Defence and Space Products of the Information Document 2018

        See the Responsibility & Sustainability Charter

        Information Document 2018, pages 56 and 57

        SDG 9, SDG13, SDG 16, SDG 17

        UNGC Principle 9

        GRI 103-2
        The management approach and its components  Discover the Approach on Responsable Defence Products   
        GRI 103-3
        Evaluation of the management approach   Learn more about our Space Services   
        2: Responsible Employer: 2.a: Airbus' Workforce; 2.b: Human Capital Management, Labour Relations and Human Rights; 2.c: Health & Safety; 2.d: Inclusion & Diversity
        2.a: Airbus' Workforce
        GRI 103-1 Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary 

        See the point 1.1.8.3 Responsible Employer of Information Document 2018 

        Information Document 2018, page 57 to 64

        SDG 4, SDG 5, SDG 8, SDG 17

        UNGC Principle 3 and 6

        See the Responsibility & Sustainability Charter  
        See Airbus' Standards of Business Conduct  
        GRI 103-2 The management approach and its components  See Airbus' Supplier Code of Conduct  
        GRI 103-3 Evaluation of the management approach   Find more information on HR matters  
        GRI 401-1
        New employee hires & employee turnover

        Find the information on new employees and employees turnover

        Information Document 2018, page 57 and 58

        SDG 4, SDG 5, SDG 8

        UN GC 
        Principle 6

        See the social performance data  
        GRI 404-1 Average hours of training per year per employee

        Find more information about trainings

        Information Document 2018, page 58

        SDG 4, SDG 5, SDG 8

        UN GC Principle 6

        See the social performance data  
        Discover our approach to develop our people  
        GRI 404-2 Programs for upgrading employee skills and transition assistance programs

        Find more about employees trainings

        Information Document 2018, page 58

        SDG 4, SDG 5, SDG 8

        UN GC 
        Principle 6

        See the social performance data  
        Discover our approach to develop our people  
        2.b: Human Capital Management, Labour Relations and Human Rights
        GRI 103-1
        Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary

        See the chapter about Human Capital Management, Labour Relations and Human Rights of the Information Document 2018 

        Information Document 2018, page 58 to 60

        SDG 4, SDG 5, SDG 8, SDG 16, SDG 17

        UN GC 
        Principle 1, 3, and 6

        See the Responsibility & Sustainability Charter  
        See Airbus' Supplier Code of Conduct  
        GRI 103-2
        The management approach and its components  Find more information on Human Rights matters  
        GRI 103-3 Evaluation of the management approach  
        See Airbus' statement on Modern Slavery for year ended 31 December 2018  
        GRI 407 Freedom of Association & Collective bargain

        Explore the Chapter about Human Capital Management, Labour Relations and Human Rights of the Information Document 2018 

        Information Document 2018, page 58 to 60

        SDG 4, SDG 5, SDG 8, SDG 16, SDG 17

        UN GC Principle 6

        Find out more about the suppliers' management Information Document 2018, page 64 to 67
        See Airbus' Supplier Code of Conduct  
        GRI 412-2
        Employee training on human rights policies or procedures

        Find out more about the Human Rights trainings

        Information Document 2018, page 59

        SDG 4, SDG 5, SDG 8, SDG 16, SDG 17

        UN GC Principles 1, 3, and 6

        Discover Airbus' trainings on zero tolerance approach to modern slavery in the supply chain Information Document 2018, pages 65 and 66
        2.c: Health & Safety
        GRI 103-1
        Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary 

        See the chapter about Health & Safety of the Information Document 2018

        Information Document 2018, page 60 to 62

        SDG 8, SDG 12, SDG 13, SDG 16

        UN GC  Principles 7 and 8

        See the Responsibility & Sustainability Charter  
        GRI 103-2
        The management approach and its components See Airbus' Standards of Business Conduct  
        GRI 103-3
        Evaluation of the management approach  See Airbus' Supplier Code of Conduct  
        2.d: Inclusion & Diversity
        GRI 103-1
        Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary 

        See the chapter about Inclusion & Diversity of the Information Document 2018 

        See the Responsibility & Sustainability Charter

        See Airbus' Standards of Business Conduct

        Information Document 2018, page  62

        SDG 4, SDG 5, SDG 8, SDG 16, SDG 17

        UN GC Principle 6

        GRI 103-2
        The management approach and its components See Airbus' Supplier Code of Conduct  
        GRI 103-3
        Evaluation of the management approach  Find out more about Airbus' approach to Inclusion & Diversity and additional information herehere and here  
        GRI 405-1 Diversity of governance bodies & employees

        See the Chapter about Inclusion & Diversity of the Information Document 2018

        Information Document 2018, page  62

        SDG 5, SDG 8

        UN GC Principle 6

        Explore the composition and role of the Board of Directors Information Document 2018, pages  116 and 117
        Find out more about the Board's diversity Information Document 2018, page 135
        Explore Airbus' directors and committees  
        Discover the internal rules for the Board of Directors  
        GRI 405-2 Ratio of basic salary & remuneration of women/men

        Discover Airbus Gender Pay Gap Statement

         

        SDG 5, SDG 8

        UN GC Principle 6

        Read about Airbus' pay ratios Information Document 2018, page 149
        3: Responsible Business: 3.a: Ethical Business Practices; 3.b: Responsible Suppliers; 3.c: Local socio-economic footprint
        3.a: Ethical Business Practices
        GRI 103-1
        Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary 

        See the Point 1.1.8.4 of the Information Document 2018 about Ethical Business Practices 

        Information Document 2018, pages 63 and 64

        SDG 8, SDG 16, SDG 17

        UN GC Principle 10

        See the Responsibility & Sustainability Charter  
        See Airbus' Standards of Business Conduct  
        GRI 103-2 The management approach and its components
        See Airbus' Supplier Code of Conduct  
        GRI 103-3 Evaluation of the management approach 
        Find out more about Airbus' approach to Ethics & Compliance  
        GRI 205-1 Operations assessed for risks related to corruption

        Discover the E&C programme and the key risk areas

        Information Document 2018 page 63 and 64

        SDG 16

        UN GC Principle 10

        Read more about the E&C suppliers watchover and the Vigilance Plan Information Document 2018, pages 65 and 67
        Find out more about Airbus' approach to Ethics & Compliance and risk areas  
        GRI 205-2 Communication and training about anti-corruption policies and procedures
        Find more about E&C awareness and training in the Information Document 2018 
        Information Document 2018 page 64 

        SDG 16

        UN GC

        Principle 10

        3.b: Responsible Suppliers:
        GRI 103-1
        Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary 

        See the chapter on Responsible Suppliers of the Information Document 2018

        Information Document 2018, page 64 to 67

        SDG 8, SDG 9, SDG 12, SDG 13, SDG 16, SDG 17

        UN GC Principles 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 10

        See the Responsibility & Sustainability Charter  
        See Airbus' Standards of Business Conduct  
        See Airbus' Supplier Code of Conduct  
        GRI 103-2 The management approach and its components
        Find out more about Airbus' Approach to Responsible Supply Chain  
        GRI 103-3 Evaluation of the management approach  Find out additional information about Airbus' Suppliers   
        GRI 308-1 New suppliers that were screened using environmental criteria

        See the Supplier Code of Conduct

         

        SDG 8, SDG 9, SDG 12, SDG 13, SDG 17

        UN GC Principle 7 and 8

        Find out more about the management of Environment and Health & Safety topics in the supply chain Information Document 2018, page 65
        GRI 414-1 New suppliers that were screened using social criteria

        See the Supplier Code of Conduct

         

        SDG 8, SDG 16, SDG 17

        UN GC Principles 10

        Explore about the suppliers' integrity checks Information Document, page 65
        3.c: Local socio-economic footprint
        GRI 103-1
        Explanation of the material topic and its Boundary 

        See he chapter on local socio-economic footprint of the Information Document 2018

        Information Document 2018, pages 67 and 68 SDG 4, SDG 5, SDG 8, SDG 12, SDG 16, SDG 17
        See the Responsibility & Sustainability Charter  
        See Airbus' Standards of Business Conduct  
        GRI 103-2 The management approach and its components
        See Airbus' Supplier Code of Conduct  
        GRI 103-3 Evaluation of the management approach  Find out more about Airbus' contribution to socio-economic growth, to people's development and to inspire the next generation  
        GRI 201-1 Direct economic value generated and distributed

        Discover Airbus' operating and financial data in the Information Document 2018

        Information Document 2018, page 72 to 89 SDG 5, SDG 8, SDG 9
        Find out more about Airbus' contribution to socio-economic growth  
        GRI 203-2 Significant indirect economic impacts
        Find out more about the local socio-economic impact of Airbus Information Document 2018, page 67 and 68  SDG 5, SDG 8, SDG 9
        Environmental Performance

        2018 Environmental Performance data table

        The data here shows Airbus' commitment to foster innovation to become and eco-efficient and sustainable enterprise.

          KPI Unit 2018 2017
        2016
        ENERGY Total energy consumption (excluded electricity generated by CHP on site for own use) *
        MWh
        3,962,484 4,098,475
        3,893,111
        Energy consumption from stationary sources*, of which:
        MWh
        1,296,135 1,357,724
        1,395,192
        natural gas consumption
        MWh
        1,255,467 1,298,639
        1,335,263
        distillate fuel oil consumption (Gas oil, Diesel, FOD)
        MWh
        17,003 13,782
        12,170
        liquefied petroleum gas consumption
        MWh
        358 357
        360
        propane consumption
        MWh
        5,702 1,356
        3,883
        biomass consumption
        MWh
        17,180 43,117
        43,517
        Energy consumption from mobile sources*, of which:
        MWh
        1,098,179 1,206,689
        1,045,159
        gasoline consumption
        MWh
        2,735 2,749
        2,769
        distillate fuel oil consumption (Gas oil, Diesel, FOD)
        MWh
        26,971 26,020
        27,166
        liquefied petroleum gas consumption MWh 7 5
        118
        propane consumption MWh 2,145 1,736
        1,700
        jet fuel aircraft / kerosene consumption MWh 1,060,592 1,172,453
        1,010,647
        - flight tests MWh 647,142 687,071
        559,106
        - Beluga MWh 413,450 485,382
        451,540
        aviation gasoline consumption MWh 5,379 3,448
        2,760
        Total electricity consumption, of which: MWh 1,568,169 1,534,062
        1,452,760
        purchased electricity consumption* MWh 1,396,171 1,405,920
        1,371,842
        purchased heat/steam MWh 171,811 127,899
        80,671
        generated electricity from photovoltaic on-site for own use MWh 187 242
        247
        generated electricity from other renewable source on-site for own use MWh n/a 0
        0
        Generated electricity from CHP on-site for own use* MWh 190,287 190,127
        188,144
        AIR EMISSIONS
        Total Scope 1 + Scope 2 CO2 emissions* tonnes CO2 965,633 1,013,101
        935,402
        Total direct CO2 emissions (Scope 1)*, of which: tonnes CO2 553,063 591,002
        557,447
        CO2 emissions from stationary sources tonnes CO2 258,746 265,350
        272,679
        CO2 emissions from mobile sources tonnes CO2 283,039 311,036
        269,493
        CO2 emissions from fugitive sources tonnes CO2 11,250 14,579
        15,203
        CO2 emissions from processes on site tonnes CO2 28 37
        72
        Total indirect CO2 emissions (Scope 2)*, of which: tonnes CO2 412,570 422,099
        377,955
        Indirect CO2 emissions Business Travel (Scope 3) tonnes CO2 111,666 n/a n/a
        Indirect CO2 emissions Oversize Transportation** (Scope 3) tonnes CO2 185,500 n/a n/a
        Total VOC emissions*** tonnes 1,526 1,565
        1,539
        Total SOx emissions tonnes 17 15
        15
        Total NOx emissions tonnes 321 314
        241
        WATER
        Total water consumption*, of which: m3 4,016,913 4,011,897
        3,834,265
        purchased water* % 78,2% 76,5%
        76.4%
        abstracted ground water % 16,8% 19,3%
        20.0%
        withdrawn surface water % 4,6% 4,0%
        3.5%
        rainwater collected used % 0,3% 0,2%
        0.1%
        Total water discharge, of which: m3 3,336,712 3,416,506
        3,464,179
        water discharged via an internal pre-treatment plant m3 224,396 214,200
        228,428
        WASTE
        Total waste production, excluding exceptional waste*, of which: tonnes 98,592 105,839
        104,505
        non-hazardous waste* tonnes 71,291 77,073
        77,835
        hazardous waste* tonnes 27,300 28,766
        26,670
        waste going to material recovery tonnes 57,021 61,933
        62,344
        waste going to energy recovery tonnes 20,385 21,844
        21,954
        Material recovery rate* % 57,8% 58,5%
        59.7%
        Energy recovery rate % 20,7% 20,6%
        21.0%
        EMS certification
        Number of sites with ISO 14 001 /EMAS certification**** vs total number of covered by environmental reporting unit 60/71 61
        61
        Workforce effectively covered by reporting over workforce subject to reporting according to the environmental guidelines.***** % 89% 90%
        86%

        A220 sites are not yet included according to reporting rules.

        * ?2018 data audited by Ernst & Young. 2018 data covers 89% of total group employees.

        ** Oversize emissions cover transport of large and non standards shipments. 2018 values cover? Aircraft Commercial activities.

        *** 2018 VOC emissions data is estimated. The accurate 2018 data will be consolidated and available during March 2019

        **** Number of sites covered by the environmental reporting which are certified ISO 14001.

        ***** Airbus environmental reporting guidelines include sites worldwide with a workforce on-site higher or equal to 50 employees. Note that only 100% consolidated entities are taken into account to calculate this 50 employee threshold. For electricity, coverage is slightly higher (90,3%)? due to inclusion of AD Stevenage site.

        ?

        Environmental reporting protocol

        Reporting tools

        Indicators used are derived from Global Reporting Initiative guidelines. Data is collected through an Environmental Management Information system called ERT. The guidelines supporting the reporting process are updated when relevant.

        External verification

        As part of our commitment to providing reliable information on our performance, we have asked EY to review the reporting procedures and data for a selection of key environmental performance indicators published in this report. The nature of the work performed, the audited indicators and the results of the verification are presented on the external auditor’s assurance report.

        Details and methodology

        Energy consumption

        The energy consumption of a site is the combination of fossil energy and electricity, expressed in Mega Watt hours. Electricity generated from CHP (Combined Heat Power plant) on site for own use is reported separately, as the primary energy used for its production is natural gas which is already reported in the fossil energy consumption detailed above. The energy consumption due to Beluga flights is reported in a separate indicator and automatically added to the total energy consumption from sites.

        CO2eq emissions

        The CO2eq emissions result from direct (scope 1) and indirect (scope 2) emissions according to the definition provided by the GHG Protocol. They relate directly to energy consumption by the following formula: CO2eq emissions = Energy consumption x Emission factor.

        Total water consumption

        This indicator is the sum of all water drawn into the boundaries of the reporting site from all sources (including surface, ground, rain and purchased water). It includes water for industrial installations, offices, catering facilities, buildings, etc. It is expressed in m3/year.

        Water discharges

        This indicator is the sum of water effluents (expressed in m3/year) discharged over the course of the reporting period to subsurface waters, surface waters, sewers that lead to rivers, oceans, lakes, wetlands, treatment facilities, and ground water. A specific indicator to report water discharged via an internal pre-treatment plant is also published with the other environmental indicators.

        Waste production

        The quantity of waste of a site combines hazardous and non-hazardous waste. This includes in particular all waste regularly created by production processes, and treated internally and externally. Note that exceptional waste, meaning all construction/deconstruction waste from buildings and installations, are reported separately.

        Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC)

        The main VOC emissions sources of Airbus' activities derive from surface treatment, cleaning, painting and coating operations through use of solvents, solvated paints and coatings, additional VOC. The 2016 data is not yet published.

        NOx and SOx

        The emissions are calculated automatically within the ERT if no measure is done on site, with help of the energy consumption reported and the relevant emission factors. NOx and SOx emissions from mobile sources are excluded.

        Social Performance

        2018 Social Performance data table

        The data here shows how Airbus is working to reinforce employee engagement, diversity and integration throughout the company.

        Employees by Business Segment 31 December 2018 31 December 2017 31 December 2016 31 December 2015
        Airbus  80,924 74,542
        73,852 72,816
        Airbus Helicopters 19,745 20,161
        22,507 22,520
        Airbus Defence and Space 33,002 32,171
        34,397 38,206
        Airbus former HQ* 0 2,568
        3,026 3,032
        Airbus Total 133,671 129,442
        133,782 136,574

        * Airbus includes population of Airbus former HQ since 01.01.2018


        Employees by geographic area 31 December 2018 31 December 2017 31 December 2016 31 December 2015
        France 48,144 47,865
        47,963 50,810
        Germany 45,387 44,214
        46,713 47,796
        Spain 13,684 13,177
        12,682 12,521
        UK 11,214 11,304
        12,020 12,157
        US 2,489 2,707
        2,829 2,821
        Other Countries 12,753 10,175
        11,575 10,469
        Airbus Total 133,671 129,442
        133,782 136,574

        Perimeter: Airbus, full consolidated companies (including subsidaries)?


        % Part time employees 31 December 2018 31 December 2017 31 December 2016 31 December 2015
        Airbus Total 4,2% 4.2%
        4.1% 3.9%

        Active Workforce by contract type 31 December 2018 31 December 2017 31 December 2016 31 December 2015
        Unlimited contract 130,131 126,534
        131,153 133,650
        Limited contract > 3 months 3,540 2,908
        2,629 2,924

          31 December 2018 31 December 2017 31 December 2016 31 December 2015
        Women in Active Workforce 17.7%
        17.5% 17.2% 17.2%
        Women in Management Positions 12.6%
        12.4% 11.4% 10.9%
        Employee Turnover Rate 4.9%
        4.0% 3.6% 3.6%
        Total number of Training Hours* > 1,700,000 * 2,320,508 2,264,145
        Total number of Training Participants* * * 214,819 226,692
        Number of Classroom Training**
        >114,000***
        161,419*** - -
        Number of Digital Learning**
        248,448***
        193,200*** - -

        * Change of reporting in 2017, no numbers reported for 2017. Reporting period in 2018: from 1st Oct 2017 to 30th Sept 2018
        ** New reporting scope since 2017. 51.7% digital learning in the 2017 learning plan (Active Workforce from fully-consolidated entities at 31 December 2017).
        *** These figures include training sessions provided by Airbus, including to externals, to employees in subsidiaries, and to employees that have since left Airbus.


        % Active Workforce by Age 31 December 2018 31 December 2017 31 December 2016 31 December 2015
        <20* 0,1% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2%
        20-29* 10,1% 10,1% 10.4% 10.6%
        30-39* 29,1% 29.4% 29.5% 29.7%
        40-49* 29,3% 28.4% 27.9% 27.9%
        50-59* 26,2% 26.8% 27.1% 27.1%
        60+* 5,1% 5.1% 4.9% 4.6%

        Perimeter: Airbus , full consolidated companies (including subsidaries)

        Independent Assurance Report

        Ernst & Young Report

        Ernst & Young has reviewed a selection of Airbus' environmental and social performance indicators.

        Ernst & Young Assurance Report

        Responsibility & Sustainability

        Our approach for responsible business

        Minimising environmental impact

        Operating responsibly

        Innovating for sustainable solutions

        Contributing to a safer and more prosperous world

        Fostering quality education and inclusion

        Reporting and performance data

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